EAST BARNET VETERINARY SURGERY

1, Cat Hill, East Barnet, EN4 8HG Tel. 020 8440 5742  

RABIES VACCINATION

The rabies vaccination is noted in the passport booklet. Provided that your pet is not outside the UK for more than 3 months in one visit, the rabies vaccine is valid as per the Pets Passport. Should the pet be outside the UK continuously for more than 3 months, then you must comply with the regulations that apply within the country in which you are staying. The majority of European countries require that the Rabies vaccination is carried out annually.


TAPEWORM

It is a requirement that all DOGS re-entering the UK under the PETS scheme are certified as having been treated for tapeworms 24  120 hours prior to returning to the UK. You must get a veterinary surgeon in you holiday destination to carry out this treatment (and complete the appropriate section in the passport document). Please note this is NOT a requirement for re-entry into the UK from the Republic of Ireland. It is also currently not required on re-entry direct from Malta, Finland or Norway.

The requirement for tapeworm treatment DOES NOT apply to CATS.


For Day and Weekend Trips, your dog must still be treated for tapeworms between 24 and 120 hours prior to its return to the UK - therefore it must be treated BEFORE you travel. It is recommended that this treatment is repeated within 28 days of your return.


TRANSPORT

The transport company that you use to bring your pet into the UK may require you to provide a veterinary statement that it is healthy and fit to travel before they will allow it to board. The veterinary statement may be provided by completion of the Clinical Examination section of the EU pet passport by a veterinarian. In the case of dogs this is usually done at the time of tapeworm treatment. In the case of cats it may require a visit to a vet to provide this statement. You should check with your transport company whether or not this statement is required.


COUNTRIES ON PET PASSPORT LIST

Not all countries are on the PETs passport list   if you take your pet to these non-listed countries there will be further requirements, such as a blood test for Rabies antibodies after vaccination followed by a delay of three months, before re-entry into the UK is permitted. You will also need to obtain a Ministry-issued Export Certificate before travelling to these countries. Please check the websites;

www.gov.uk/pet-travel-information-for-pet-owners and

www.gov.uk/take-pet-abroad/overview

to check that your destination is covered by the PETs passport regulations. The PETs passport is valid in all countries within the EU.


Certain countries within the EU have additional requirements for entry of Pets travelling from the UK (such as Sweden and Malta). Please check the recommended websites or the PETS helpline for further information.


HELP & ADVICE

Please contact the practice with details of your proposed journey and we can advise you whether further documentation is required. Your contact at the practice is Ralph Bailey who is an Official Veterinarian (OV). We can also advise you about veterinary treatments that may be required to protect your pets from specific disease they may encounter outside the UK.


Pet Travel Scheme Helpline

Pet Travel Section

Animal and Plant Health Agency

Hadrian House

Wavell Drive

Rosehill Industrial Estate

Carlisle

CA1 2TB

pettravel@ahvla.gsi.gov.uk

tel: 03702411710









PETS PASSPORT; RELEVANT DISEASE CONDITIONS


There are a number of diseases that are present on the continent that we do not have in the UK at present. The obvious one is Rabies, against which your pet will have been vaccinated. However, there are four other diseases about which you should be aware, so that you can take action to protect your pet. Please check the list at the end of this note to see which countries are affected.


Leishmaniasis     

This is caused by a parasite which is transmitted by the bite of a sandfly (a mosquito-like fly). It may take many years after the bite for the symptoms to appear.

The main symptoms are; weight loss, lethargy, ulcers on the skin, baldness and crusting around the eyes, sore joints, diarrhoea, nose bleeds and in severe cases liver or kidney failure.

The condition is most common in dogs but may occur in cats. It is possible for humans to become infected from a sandfly bite   the disease usually affects people with a poor immune response   such as children, patients on certain drugs or those with HIV infection.

A Pet Passport is now required for travel between the UK and Republic of Ireland.

More information about PETS Passports can be obtained from;


www.gov.uk/pet-travel-information-for-pet-owners and

www.gov.uk/take-pet-abroad/overview

Pet Passport

A Pet Passport is a document which allows owners to take their pets on holiday without quarantine on their return to the UK. It also acts as an export certificate for animals that are going to live permanently abroad. The countries covered by the passport are all EU countries PLUS Scandinavia. For advice on other countries owners must contact Pet Travel Scheme Helpline


The requirements for the  passport  are;


1. That the dog or cat is identified by an Identichip which is implanted PRIOR to the Rabies vaccination.


2. The animal has been given a RABIES vaccination. This must be carried out after the animal is 3 months of age.


3. You must use an approved transport company and an approved route (unless travelling between the UK and Republic of Ireland )


4. The passport issued is valid from 21 days after the rabies vaccination was given (the date of vaccination is Day 0, not Day 1). Since 2012, a blood test to check for Rabies antibodies after vaccination is no longer required.

Please note that the PETS Passport is NOT applicable for import of pets intended for sale in the UK.


A person may travel with up to FIVE pets - each with a passport.

Each of the above diseases is transmitted by the bite of an insect or tick. The most important part of protecting your pet from these diseases is to minimise exposure to these biting flies/ticks.


Sandflies and mosquitoes are most active after dusk and at night. Ideally pets should sleep indoors at night and be kept inside during the evening.


Sandfly and mosquito activity is seasonal in most countries they are most active in Summer and Autumn   avoiding these seasons will reduce exposure to these diseases.

Using an insecticide on your pet that will repel mosquitoes and sandflies is essential.

Babesiosis      

The parasite Babesia canis is transmitted by the bite of a tick. The disease affects dogs, although some cases of the   disease have been seen in cats in Spain. Humans are not affected. The disease has the following symptoms;  fever, lethargy, pale gums, jaundice (yellow gums), blood in the urine and vomiting.


Erlichiosis

Erlichia canis is another parasite that is transmitted by the bite of a tick. The disease may affect both dogs and cats. Humans are not affected.  

Clinical signs of Erlichiosis are; fever, lethargy, pale gums, weight loss, swollen glands (lymph nodes), swollen abdomen and blood in the urine or stool or from the mouth or nose.

Prophylactic treatment for heartworm is advisable if you are travelling to areas where the disease is present. This treatment should be given within one month after the start of the risk period. For most people, where your holiday will last less than one month, your pet can be treated for heartworm when you return to the UK.

Heartworm      

The heartworm is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito.

The disease principally affects dogs but cats may also be infected. Humans may be infected by the bite of a mosquito but this rarely leads to medical problems.

In the dog the parasite develops in the bloodstream and the adult worm eventually becomes lodged in the heart or in the larger blood vessels   this may lead to a type of heart failure. The dog may have a cough and heavy breathing, weight loss, inability to exercise and pale gums.

** There is now a vaccine available in the UK for protection against Leishmanisasis **

In places where all of these diseases are present, we would recommend the following regime;


Treat the pet prior to travelling or immediately on arrival with

Advantix spot-on, and repeat every 2 weeks during your stay.

(Please note; Advantix can be used concurrently with

Advocate Spot on )

Consider the use of a Serestro collar as a back-up to kill ticks and to repel sandflies .

Treat your pet with Milbemax worming tablets within one month after your holiday or once per month while you are away to treat for heartworm or continue to use Advocate spot-on as usual.


Please note, in addition to the above measures, your dog will require tapeworm treatment between 24 and 120 hours PRIOR to its return to the UK. This will need to be documented in the Passport by a suitably qualified

Where possible, we would always suggest that you discuss the local situation with regards to the above diseases, with the local vet in that area. You will need to contact them anyway to arrange tick and tapeworm treatment prior to your return to the UK.


If you require further advice please contact Ralph Bailey at the practice.

For information regarding the areas affected by each of the diseases please consult the website; http://www.esccap.org/travelling-pets-advice/

PETS PASSPORT: possible impact of Brexit

 

We would like to highlight the possible implications of Brexit on travelling to EU Countries with your pet. At present there is uncertainty regarding what will happen on the 29th March 2019. In the event of a ‘no deal’ Brexit the UK would become a ‘Third country’ for the purposes of the EU Pet Travel Scheme. In this event, travel with pets to EU Countries from the UK will still be possible but additional rules and requirements will apply. If the UK is unable to secure a ‘Listed’ third country status prior to the 29th March 2019 it will be necessary for pets to have a blood test to check for Rabies antibodies prior to travelling and for this test to show sufficient levels of antibody protection. The blood test must be taken at least 30 days AFTER the last Rabies vaccination. After 29th March 2019 pets will not be able to travel until a three month period has lapsed since the blood test was taken. For those pets already vaccinated against Rabies the test can be carried out at any stage before the 29th March 2019. Provided the test is carried out before 29 December 2018, the pet will be able to travel immediately after the 29th March deadline. Where it has been some time since your pet was vaccinated against Rabies, it may be beneficial to arrange for an early revaccination to ensure that the pet has adequate levels of antibodies when tested. However, the blood test cannot be taken until 30 days after the vaccination.

Current Pets passports will be valid for travel until the 29th March 2019 without any further requirement, provided the Rabies vaccine is in date. It is only after that date that the extra requirements will take effect, and this will only occur if the UK is unable to secure a ‘Listed’ third country status. It is possible that the UK may be able to negotiate a continuation of the current regime and travel to the Continent with pets may continue after the 29th March 2019 WITHOUT any additional requirements. Unfortunately, we are not able to guarantee that this will be the case.

For those clients that will definitely need to travel with their pets in the first three months after the 29th March 2019 we advise having the Rabies blood test carried out prior to the 29th December 2018.


For more information go to https://animalowners.rcvs.org.uk/help-and-advice/pet-travel/

 

Please call the surgery on 0208 440 5742 if you have any further queries regarding Pets Passports.

Ralph Bailey BVetMed MRCVS